Royal Bavarian 5th Infantry

World War I


The Regiment (7. Infantry Brigade, 4. Infantry Division, II. Bavarian Army corps) is a part of the 6. Army, which marches up between Metz and the Vosges. Only one day after mobilisation (01.08.) it is transported by train in 4 lots to the French border. On foot it reaches the City of Mörchingen (Morhange) in Lorraine and takes its first quarter in the barracks of the Infantry Regiment 131
Regimental strenght: 84 officer, 3,260 men and 234 horses



Regiment moved to Orn (Oron) at the border river French Nied

11.08. - 15.08.1914

Outpost position near Püschingen (Puzieux), 11. company at Erlen (Aulenois)


General attack of all troops in Alsace-Lorraine
Regiment attacks at 11:30 a.m. in direction Bruchkastel (Château-Bréhain) and overrules the enemy position near Wastingen (Vaxy) by strong heat


Capture of two Seille bridges at Château-Salines and Hédival


Cross German-French border at Bezange-la-Grande, regiment is advance guard of the 4. ID


Strong battles between Mortagne and Xermaménil

28.08 - 12.09.1914

War activity at the Meurthe (Hériménil, Baupré, Bois de Bareth)


Retreat from Lorraine beyond the northwing of the Marne battle (4-day march to Metz, transport by train via Diedenhofen (Thionville) - Arlon to Namur, march to Nurlu, 12 km northern Péronne)

26.09. - 01.10.1914

Battle of the Somme (Guillemont, Ginchy, Bois Foureaux, Bazentin la grande / -la petite)

03.10. - 23.10.1914

Fight at Mametz (Beaumont, Fonquevillers)

24.10. - 28.10.1914

March via Templeux le Guérard, Anneux, Douai to Lille


Onward march to Comines, crossing of the river Lys (Leie) and march to Kortewilde


Attack and capture of palace Hollebeke (available only in German version)

Hollebeke palace 1914

31.10. - 03.11.1914

Attack against the area behind the manor house and street of Klein-Zillebeke


March from Houthem via Wambeke to Oosttaverne, 11:30 a.m. attack against Wytschaete

05.11. - 10.11.1914

Daily attacks of the 5th Infantry-Regiment


1:00 p.m. after Artillery fire attack against the "Bayernwald (Bavaria forest)" at Diependaelebeek ground, the whole forest is captured. Regiment (II. and III. Battalion) takes 150 POW

13.11. - 16.11.1914

Four days of fierce fighting for the "Bayernwald". The forest is horribly destroyed!
Burnt trees, ragged bodies - friends like enemies - uncountable pieces of schrapnel on the ground


19.11. - 19.01.1915

Trench warfare at St. Eloi

20.01. - 07.03.1915

Trench warfare at Wytschaete

08.03. - 21.10.1915

Trench warfare at Messines (Flanders)

22.10. - 16.07.1916

Trench warfare at Loos
Position warfare west of Hulluch beside the street of Lens; 27./28.04. Gas attacks show the unreliability of poisonous gas; 28.06. three war gas attacks by the enemy; 06.07. two war gas attacks by the enemy are uneffective; 16.07. Regiment retreats to Wahagnies and Libercourt

17.07. - 24.08.1916

Action near Lens (mine- und gas war)

26.08. - 18.09.1916

Battle at the Somme
Lorry transport from Cambrai to Barastre, position between Foureaux and Delville forest (near Longueval, Bapaume, Flers); 15./16.09. heavy fighting days at Gallwitz-Riegel near to the street Flers-Ligny (strong Artillery fire, mixed with war gas grenades; Tank attacks)

21.09. - 26.05.1917

Trench warfare at Lys and Deûlemont (daily until 300 heavy mines on our position, enemy war gas attacks)

27.05. - 16.06.1917

Fights for the Wytschaete bend (at Messines and Ploegsteert forest)

17.06. - 07.07.1917

Relaxation in Belgium (Audenarde, Ronse)

09.07. - 22.09.1917

at the Lys near Berlinghem

23.09. - 07.10.1917

Battles eastern Paschendaele (Jngelmünster, Moorslede, Zonnebeke)

11.10. - 12.10.1917

Transport by train via Gent - Namur - Sedan to Conflans near Metz

13.10. - 31.03.1918

Position in Mort-Mare forest southern of Thiaucourt (Lorraine)

12.04. - 15.04.1918

Transport by train from Landres via Sedan, Valenciennes, Douai to Ligny, March to Armentières


Attack of the Regiment and Alpes hunter on the Kemmel hill; roughly at noon the hill is token

Kemmel hill 1998


I. and III. Battalion western Brulooze, II. Battalion takes the Loker Hospiz


Attack advances against the Scherpen hill, French counter attacks from Red Hill
1. company (1 officer/15 men) imprison a whole company with 5 officers and 250 men


The Loker Hospiz goes lost

01.05. - 04.05.1918

Relaxation at Armentières

04.05. - 11.06.1918

Relaxation near Leers and Lys eastern of Lille, strengthen decimated troups
14.05. The Regiment stands on parade near Croix the last time in its 200-year history in front of its sovereign - together with Crown Prince RUPPRECHT, Commander-in-Chief of the army group and Prince FRANZ, 4. ID commander

12.06. - 11.07.1918

Battles northwest of Armentières, regiment in position near Merris

12.07. - 12.08.1918

Relaxation at Roubaix (Erquinghem) and task force of the Bavarian III. Armycorps at Armentières and Wambrechies


Transport by train to Baisieux/Lesquin within 10 hours to Vélu

14.08. - 01.09.1918

Defensive battle at the Somme (Archiet le Grand, Biefvillers, Bihucourt), replacement of the 5th Infantry Regiment by the Reserve Infantry Regiment 225

02.09. - 06.09.1918

Behind the 4. Army at Ramillies and Escaudoevres, march to Denain, transport by train to Wevelghem (Staff, I. und III. Battalion) and Menin (II. Batl.)

06.09. - 25.09.1918

Realignment of Batallions and training of companies, Reserve IR 5 is disbanded and integrated into the II. Battalion/5. IR


Transport by train to Savigny in Champagne

27.09. - 21.10.1918

War activity in Champagne (Marvaux, Vieux, Manre) and at the Maas (Vouziers, Falaise)


Regiment is reduced, fighting in heavy battles since 27.09., obtain in rule of the IR 411 (406th Infantry Brigade), then detach (gathering place: Le Chesne)


Regiment is transported to Lorraine


Regiment crosses Bavarian border, the train is decorated in green and with Bavarian flags, drives via Augsburg to Munich-Pasing


Drives south to the Austrian border. Regiment gets friendly quartiers after it is known that the Royal Bavarian 5th Infantry is an active front regiment
- Regimental staff and I. Battalion in quarter at Garmisch,
- II. Battalion and MG company at Partenkirchen,
- III. Battalion at Mittenwald


Regiment returns finally to Bamberg


The Peace Treaty of Versailles disbanded the Royal Bavarian 5th Infantry Regiment


On 16. July 1923 in Hain Park at Bamberg a memorial to honour those soldiers killed in action was erected. Inauguration and dedication with the inscription


"KB 5. IR - Die noch Lebenden fuer ihre Toten 1722 - 1922
(R.B. 5th Infantry - The living for their fallen comrades  1722 - 1922)

In memory of those from the Regiments lost in World War I.
3.914 killed in action or missed
8.580 wounded and
1.274 POW


start page

Full version avialable in German only, click here